Short Attention Span Summary
Does intensive BP lowering (to 110-139 systolic) vs. standard (140-179) using nicardipine in ICH patients help? In this RCT called ATACH-2, the trial was stopped early due to futility. There was no difference in intensive BP lowering, and this group had increased adverse renal outcomes. What this means for us in the ED is that our goal should be modest BP reduction in ICH patients. EM:RAP has a quick free recording on this article.
N Engl J Med. 2016 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print]
Qureshi AI1, Palesch YY1, Barsan WG1, Hanley DF1, Hsu CY1, Martin RL1, Moy CS1, Silbergleit R1, Steiner T1, Suarez JI1, Toyoda K1, Wang Y1, Yamamoto H1, Yoon BW1; ATACH-2 Trial Investigators and the Neurological Emergency Treatment Trials Network.
1From the Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (A.I.Q.); the Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (Y.Y.P., R.L.M.); the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (W.G.B., R.S.); the Division of Brain Injury Outcomes, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (D.F.H.), and the Neurological Institute, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda (C.S.M.) – both in Maryland; China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (C.Y.H.); the Department of Neurology, Klinikum Frankfurt Höchst, Frankfurt, and the Department of Neurology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg – both in Germany (T.S.); the Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (J.I.S.); the Departments of Cerebrovascular Medicine (K.T.) and Data Sciences (H.Y.), National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan; Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing (Y.W.); and the Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea (B.-W.Y.).
Limited data are available to guide the choice of a target for the systolic blood-pressure level when treating acute hypertensive response in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.
We randomly assigned eligible participants with intracerebral hemorrhage (volume, <60 cm3) and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 5 or more (on a scale from 3 to 15, with lower scores indicating worse condition) to a systolic blood-pressure target of 110 to 139 mm Hg (intensive treatment) or a target of 140 to 179 mm Hg (standard treatment) in order to test the superiority of intensive reduction of systolic blood pressure to standard reduction; intravenous nicardipine to lower blood pressure was administered within 4.5 hours after symptom onset. The primary outcome was death or disability (modified Rankin scale score of 4 to 6, on a scale ranging from 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) at 3 months after randomization, as ascertained by an investigator who was unaware of the treatment assignments.
Among 1000 participants with a mean (±SD) systolic blood pressure of 200.6±27.0 mm Hg at baseline, 500 were assigned to intensive treatment and 500 to standard treatment. The mean age of the patients was 61.9 years, and 56.2% were Asian. Enrollment was stopped because of futility after a prespecified interim analysis. The primary outcome of death or disability was observed in 38.7% of the participants (186 of 481) in the intensive-treatment group and in 37.7% (181 of 480) in the standard-treatment group (relative risk, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.85 to 1.27; analysis was adjusted for age, initial GCS score, and presence or absence of intraventricular hemorrhage). Serious adverse events occurring within 72 hours after randomization that were considered by the site investigator to be related to treatment were reported in 1.6% of the patients in the intensive-treatment group and in 1.2% of those in the standard-treatment group. The rate of renal adverse events within 7 days after randomization was significantly higher in the intensive-treatment group than in the standard-treatment group (9.0% vs. 4.0%, P=0.002).
The treatment of participants with intracerebral hemorrhage to achieve a target systolic blood pressure of 110 to 139 mm Hg did not result in a lower rate of death or disability than standard reduction to a target of 140 to 179 mm Hg. (Funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center; ATACH-2 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01176565 .).
PMID: 27276234 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]