August 2018 EM Articles

Randomized Clinical Trial of IV Acetaminophen as an Analgesic Adjunct for Older Adults with Acute Severe Pain. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 17. doi: 10.1111/acem.13556. [Epub ahead of print]

Impact of Medical Scribes on Provider Efficiency in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 1. doi: 10.1111/acem.13544. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison of the age-adjusted and clinical probability-adjusted D-dimer to exclude pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 30. pii: S0735-6757(18)30633-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.07.053. [Epub ahead of print]

What are the key elements in suture education? Comparison of cosmetic appearances after facial lacerations repaired by junior residents and experts. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 24. pii: S0735-6757(18)30624-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.07.044. [Epub ahead of print]

Variation in diagnostic testing for older patients with syncope in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 23. pii: S0735-6757(18)30623-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.07.043. [Epub ahead of print]

Time to perforation for button batteries lodged in the esophagus. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 18. pii: S0735-6757(18)30594-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.07.035. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of lumbar elevation on dilatation of the central veins in normal subjects. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 18. pii: S0735-6757(18)30591-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.07.032. [Epub ahead of print]

Pyelonephritis treatment in the community emergency department: Cephalosporins vs. first-line agents. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 8. pii: S0735-6757(18)30652-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.08.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Emergency medicine practice environment and impact on concert examination performance. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 1. pii: S0735-6757(18)30635-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.07.055. [Epub ahead of print]

Performance of the CURB-65 Score in Predicting Critical Care Interventions in Patients Admitted With Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 2. pii: S0196-0644(18)30548-1. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.06.017. [Epub ahead of print]

National Variation in Opioid Prescribing and Risk of Prolonged Use for Opioid-Naive Patients Treated in the Emergency Department for Ankle Sprains. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 24. pii: S0196-0644(18)30498-0. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.06.003. [Epub ahead of print]

The Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Who Make an Emergency Department Visit for Hypertension After Use of a Home or Pharmacy Blood Pressure Device. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 18. pii: S0196-0644(18)30497-9. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.06.002. [Epub ahead of print]

Randomized Controlled Trial of Intravenous Acetaminophen Versus Intravenous Hydromorphone for the Treatment of Acute Pain in the Emergency Department. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 14. pii: S0196-0644(18)30550-X. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.06.019. [Epub ahead of print]

What Is the Accuracy of Physical Examination, Imaging, and the LRINEC Score for the Diagnosis of Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection? Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 13. pii: S0196-0644(18)30560-2. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.06.029. [Epub ahead of print]

Evaluation of a Novel Rule-Out Myocardial Infarction Protocol Incorporating High-Sensitivity Troponin T in a US Hospital Circulation Free Access

Incidence of intracranial bleeding in anticoagulated patients with minor head injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Br J Haematol. 2018 Jul 20. doi: 10.1111/bjh.15509. [Epub ahead of print]

Corticosteroid treatment in critically ill patients with severe influenza pneumonia: a propensity score matching study. Intensive Care Med. 2018 Aug 3. doi: 10.1007/s00134-018-5332-4. [Epub ahead of print]

Does Intravenous Lactated Ringer's Solution Raise Serum Lactate? J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 20. pii: S0736-4679(18)30602-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.05.031. [Epub ahead of print]

Epinephrine Versus Norepinephrine for Cardiogenic Shock After Acute Myocardial Infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Jul 10;72(2):173-182. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.04.051.

Etripamil Nasal Spray for Rapid Conversion of Supraventricular Tachycardia to Sinus Rhythm. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Jul 31;72(5):489-497. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.04.082.

Association Between the New York Sepsis Care Mandate and In-Hospital Mortality for Pediatric Sepsis. JAMA. 2018 Jul 24;320(4):358-367. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.9071.

Association of Digital Media Use With Subsequent Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents. JAMA. 2018 Jul 17;320(3):255-263. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.8931.

Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide. JAMA. 2018 Aug 14;320(6):580-588. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.10211.

Lessons From the Canadian Experience With Single-Payer Health Insurance: Just Comfortable Enough With the Status Quo. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Aug 6. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.3568. [Epub ahead of print]

Urinary Tract Infections in Children and Adolescents. JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Sep 1;170(9):916. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2163.

Plasma-first resuscitation to treat haemorrhagic shock during emergency ground transportation in an urban area: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2018 Jul 28;392(10144):283-291. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31553-8. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Dressings and securements for the prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter failure in adults (SAVE): a pragmatic, randomised controlled, superiority trial. Lancet. 2018 Aug 4;392(10145):419-430. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31380-1. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Augmenting diagnostic vision with AI. Lancet. 2017 Jul;390(10091):221. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31764-6.

Evaluation of Medicare's Bundled Payments Initiative for Medical Conditions. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 19;379(3):260-269. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1801569.

National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study - Mental Health of Adult Offspring. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 19;379(3):297-299. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc1804810.

Whistling Cough. N Engl J Med. 2018 Aug 9;379(6):e10. doi: 10.1056/NEJMicm1716704.

Cerebral ischemia and deterioration with lower blood pressure target in intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurology. 2018 Aug 10. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006156. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006156. [Epub ahead of print]

Spinal Motion Restriction in the Trauma Patient - A Joint Position Statement. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Aug 9:1-3. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1481476. [Epub ahead of print]

Pregabalin and the Risk for Opioid-Related Death: A Nested Case-Control Study. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Aug 21. doi: 10.7326/M18-1136. [Epub ahead of print]

US Emergency Department Visits for Adverse Drug Events From Antibiotics in Children, 2011-2015. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2018 Aug 23. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piy066. [Epub ahead of print]

Prospective Comparison of the Diagnostic Accuracy of MR Imaging versus CT for Acute Appendicitis. Radiology. 2018 Aug;288(2):467-475. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2018171838. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

July 2018 EM Articles

Safety of the combination of PERC and YEARS rules in patients with low clinical probability of PE: a retrospective analysis of two large European cohorts. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 27. doi: 10.1111/acem.13508. [Epub ahead of print]

LOw dose MAGnesium sulfate versus HIgh dose in the early management of rapid atrial fibrillation: randomised controlled double blind study. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 19. doi: 10.1111/acem.13522. [Epub ahead of print]

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Ketamine as an Alternative to Opioids for Acute Pain in the Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 17. doi: 10.1111/acem.13502. [Epub ahead of print]

Practice of Ultrasound-Guided Palpation of Neck Landmarks Improves Accuracy of External Palpation of the Cricothyroid Membrane. Anesth Analg. 2018 Jun 28. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003604. [Epub ahead of print]

The Social Media Index as an Indicator of Quality for Emergency Medicine Blogs: A METRIQ Study. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Jul 3. pii: S0196-0644(18)30412-8. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.05.003. [Epub ahead of print]

Cross-sex Hormones and Acute Cardiovascular Events in Transgender Persons: A Cohort Study. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jul 10. doi: 10.7326/M17-2785. [Epub ahead of print]

Risk of meticillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile in patients with a documented penicillin allergy: population based matched cohort study. BMJ. 2018 Jun 27;361:k2400. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2400.

Risks and benefits of direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in a real world setting: cohort study in primary care. BMJ. 2018 Jul 4;362:k2505. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2505.

Outcomes Associated with Apixaban Use in End-Stage Kidney Disease Patients with Atrial Fibrillation in the United States. Circulation. 2018 Jun 28. pii: CIRCULATIONAHA.118.035418. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.035418. [Epub ahead of print]

Compliance With the National SEP-1 Quality Measure and Association With Sepsis Outcomes: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study. Crit Care Med. 2018 Jun 28. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003261. [Epub ahead of print]

An observational study of patients' attitudes to tattoos and piercings on their physicians: the ART study. Emerg Med J. 2018 Jul 2. pii: emermed-2017-206887. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-206887. [Epub ahead of print]

The Effect of Signed-Out Emergency Department Patients on Resident Productivity. J Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 25. pii: S0736-4679(18)30591-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.05.020. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of Digital Media Use With Subsequent Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents. JAMA. 2018 Jul 17;320(3):255-263. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.8931.

Vulnerability to snakebite envenoming: a global mapping of hotspots. Lancet. 2018 Jul 12. pii: S0140-6736(18)31224-8. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31224-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Platelet Counts during Pregnancy. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 5;379(1):32-43. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1802897.

Evaluation of Medicare's Bundled Payments Initiative for Medical Conditions. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 19;379(3):260-269. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1801569.

A Randomized Trial of Epinephrine in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 18. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1806842. [Epub ahead of print]

Diagnosing cerebral ischemia with door-to-thrombolysis times below 20 minutes. Neurology. 2018 Jul 11. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005954. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005954. [Epub ahead of print]

Urgent Care Transfers to an Academic Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Mar;34(3):185-188. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001297.

Occupational exposure during emergency department thoracotomy: A prospective, multi-institution study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Jul;85(1):78-84. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001940.

Comparison of Antibiotic Prescribing in Retail Clinics, Urgent Care Centers, Emergency Departments, and Traditional Ambulatory Care Settings in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Sep 1;178(9):1267-1269. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1632.

Effect of Alteplase vs Aspirin on Functional Outcome for Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke and Minor Nondisabling Neurologic Deficits: The PRISMS Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2018 Jul 10;320(2):156-166. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.8496.

Sodium bicarbonate on severe metabolic acidosis during prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study J Thorac Dis. 2018 Apr;10(4):2295-2302. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2018.03.124.

Validation and refinement of a clinical decision rule for the use of computed tomography in children with minor head injury in the emergency department. CMAJ. 2018 Jul 9;190(27):E816-E822. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.170406.

Resuscitation With Ringer's Lactate Compared With Normal Saline for Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Jul 16. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001550. [Epub ahead of print]

The Utility of Cranial Ultrasound for Detection of Intracranial Hemorrhage in Infants. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Feb;34(2):96-101. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000696.

Prehospital Intubation is Associated with Favorable Outcomes and Lower Mortality in ProTECT III. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017 Sep-Oct;21(5):539-544. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2017.1315201. Epub 2017 May 10.

Patient Preference for Pain Medication in the Emergency Department Is Associated with Non-fatal Overdose History. West J Emerg Med. 2018 Jul;19(4):722-730. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2018.4.37019. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

June 2018 EM Articles

Test Characteristics of Point of Care Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment in the Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 May 18. doi: 10.1111/acem.13454. [Epub ahead of print]

Predictors of Oral Antibiotic Treatment Failure for Non-Purulent Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in the Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 5. doi: 10.1111/acem.13492. [Epub ahead of print]

The HEART Pathway Randomized Controlled Trial One Year Outcomes. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 19. doi: 10.1111/acem.13504. [Epub ahead of print]

Understanding Emergency Medicine Physicians Multitasking Behaviors Around Interruptions. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 11. doi: 10.1111/acem.13496. [Epub ahead of print]

The Accuracy and Prognostic Value of Point-of-care Ultrasound for Nephrolithiasis in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Jun;25(6):684-698. doi: 10.1111/acem.13388. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Impact of altitude-adjusted hypoxia on the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 May 24. pii: S0735-6757(18)30429-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.05.050. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of the time to first epinephrine administration and outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: SOS-KANTO 2012 study. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 May 21. pii: S0735-6757(18)30415-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.05.037. [Epub ahead of print]

Intramuscular Midazolam, Olanzapine, Ziprasidone, or Haloperidol for Treating Acute Agitation in the Emergency Department. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 6. pii: S0196-0644(18)30373-1. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.04.027. [Epub ahead of print]

Does Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Improve Clinical Outcomes in Emergency Department Patients With Undifferentiated Hypotension? An International Randomized Controlled Trial From the SHoC-ED Investigators. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Jun 2. pii: S0196-0644(18)30325-1. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.04.002. [Epub ahead of print]

Association Between Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Nonfatal and Fatal Drug Overdoses: A Systematic Review. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jun 5;168(11):783-790. doi: 10.7326/M17-3074. Epub 2018 May 8.

Medication for Opioid Use Disorder After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose and Association With Mortality: A Cohort Study. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jun 19. doi: 10.7326/M17-3107. [Epub ahead of print]

Giving the customer what they want is a risk to public health. BMJ. 2018 Jun 12;361:k2446. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2446.

Vitamin C Pharmacokinetics in Critically Ill Patients: A Randomized Trial of Four IV Regimens. Chest. 2018 Jun;153(6):1368-1377. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.02.025. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

β-Blockers in COPD: A Cohort Study From the TONADO Research Program. Chest. 2018 Jun;153(6):1315-1325. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.01.008. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Comparison of Antivenom Dosing Strategies for Rattlesnake Envenomation. Crit Care Med. 2018 Jun;46(6):e540-e544. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003079.

Outpatient management of children at low risk for bacterial meningitis. Emerg Med J. 2018 Jun;35(6):361-366. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-206834. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Low Yield of Paired Head and Cervical Spine Computed Tomography in Blunt Trauma Evaluation. J Emerg Med. 2018 Jun;54(6):749-756. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.02.015. Epub 2018 Apr 22.

The S Sign: A New Radiographic Tool to Aid in the Diagnosis of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis. J Emerg Med. 2018 Jun;54(6):835-843. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.01.023. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Outcomes following a negative computed tomography pulmonary angiography according to pulmonary embolism prevalence: a meta-analysis of the management outcome studies. J Thromb Haemost. 2018 Jun;16(6):1107-1120. doi: 10.1111/jth.14021. Epub 2018 May 17.

TIME TO STROKE: A WESTERN TRAUMA ASSOCIATION MULTI-CENTER STUDY OF BLUNT CEREBROVASCULAR INJURIES. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 May 25. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001989. [Epub ahead of print]

Oral Fluconazole in Pregnancy and Risk of Stillbirth and Neonatal Death. JAMA. 2018 Jun 12;319(22):2333-2335. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.6237.

Effect of Increased Inpatient Attending Physician Supervision on Medical Errors, Patient Safety, and Resident Education: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jun 4. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.1244. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Tamsulosin on Passage of Symptomatic Ureteral Stones: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jun 18. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.2259. [Epub ahead of print]

Development and Validation of a Calculator for Estimating the Probability of Urinary Tract Infection in Young Febrile Children. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Jun 1;172(6):550-556. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0217.

Mifepristone Pretreatment for the Medical Management of Early Pregnancy Loss. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jun 7;378(23):2161-2170. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1715726.

Clinical Trial of Fluid Infusion Rates for Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jun 14;378(24):2275-2287. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1716816.

Opinion and Special Articles: Stress when performing the first lumbar puncture may compromise patient safety. Neurology. 2018 May 22;90(21):981-987. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005556.

Cricoid Pressure During Induction for Tracheal Intubation in Critically Ill Children: A Report From National Emergency Airway Registry for Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Jun;19(6):528-537. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001531.

Paracetamol/Acetaminophen During Pregnancy Induces Prenatal Ductus Arteriosus Closure. Pediatrics. 2018 Jun 7. pii: e20174021. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-4021. [Epub ahead of print]

Outpatient Antibiotic Use and the Need for Increased Antibiotic Stewardship Efforts. Pediatrics. 2018 Jun;141(6). pii: e20174124. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-4124.

Hospitalization for Suicide Ideation or Attempt: 2008-2015. Pediatrics. 2018 Jun;141(6). pii: e20172426. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2426. Epub 2018 May 16.

April 2018 EM Articles

Multicenter Evaluation of the YEARS Criteria in Emergency Department Patients Evaluated for Pulmonary Embolism.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 31. doi: 10.1111/acem.13417. [Epub ahead of print]


The YEARS algorithm for suspected pulmonary embolism: shorter visit time and reduced costs at the emergency department.  J Thromb Haemost. 2018 Apr;16(4):725-733. doi: 10.1111/jth.13972. Epub 2018 Mar 13.


Validation of the Pediatric NEXUS II Head CT Decision Instrument for Selective Imaging of Pediatric Patients with Blunt Head Trauma.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 17. doi: 10.1111/acem.13431. [Epub ahead of print]


Vomiting With Head Trauma and Risk of Traumatic Brain Injury.  Pediatrics. 2018 Apr;141(4). pii: e20173123. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3123.


Costal Margin Tenderness and the Risk for Intra-abdominal Injuries in Children with Blunt Abdominal Trauma.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 13. doi: 10.1111/acem.13426. [Epub ahead of print]


Association of Whole-Body Computed Tomography With Mortality Risk in Children With Blunt Trauma.  JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Apr 9. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0109. [Epub ahead of print]


Relocation of blood gas laboratory to the emergency department helps decrease lactic acid values.  Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 20. pii: S0735-6757(18)30234-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.03.042. [Epub ahead of print]


Aromatherapy Versus Oral Ondansetron for Antiemetic Therapy Among Adult Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Feb 17. pii: S0196-0644(18)30029-5. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.01.016. [Epub ahead of print]


Outbreak Alert: Potential Life-Threatening Vitamin K-Dependent Antagonist Coagulopathy Associated With Synthetic Cannabinoids Use  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sent this bulletin at 04/05/2018 04:40 PM EDT


Clinical Usefulness of Imaging and Blood Cultures in Cellulitis Evaluation.  JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Apr 2. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.0625. [Epub ahead of print]


Addition of Nasal Cannula Can Either Impair or Enhance Preoxygenation With a Bag Valve Mask: A Randomized Crossover Design Study Comparing Oxygen Flow Rates.  Anesth Analg. 2018 Apr;126(4):1214-1218. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002341.


ECG Predictors of Cardiac Arrhythmias in Older Adults With Syncope.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Apr;71(4):452-461.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.11.014. Epub 2017 Dec 21.


Ethical Obligations Regarding Short-Term Global Health Clinical Experiences: An American College of Physicians Position Paper.  Ann Intern Med. 2018 Mar 27. doi: 10.7326/M17-3361. [Epub ahead of print]


The Development of a Machine Learning Inpatient Acute Kidney Injury Prediction Model.  Crit Care Med. 2018 Mar 28. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003123. [Epub ahead of print]


Artificial Intelligence Can Predict Daily Trauma Volume and Average Acuity.  J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Apr 19. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001947. [Epub ahead of print]


Cardiac Arrest and Mortality Related to Intubation Procedure in Critically Ill Adult Patients: A Multicenter Cohort Study.  Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr;46(4):532-539. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002925.


Elevated Cardiac Troponin T in Patients With Skeletal Myopathies.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Apr 10;71(14):1540-1549. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.01.070.


Is Transcellular Potassium Shifting With Insulin, Albuterol, or Sodium Bicarbonate in Emergency Department Patients With Hyperkalemia Associated With Recurrent Hyperkalemia After Dialysis?  J Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 13. pii: S0736-4679(18)30121-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.02.012. [Epub ahead of print]


The intraosseous have it: A prospective observational study of vascular access success rates in patients in extremis using video review.  J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Apr;84(4):558-563. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001795.


The State of US Health, 1990-2016: Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States.  JAMA. 2018 Apr 10;319(14):1444-1472. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0158.


Atraumatic versus conventional lumbar puncture needles: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Lancet. 2018 Mar 24;391(10126):1197-1204. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32451-0. Epub 2017 Dec 7.


Aminophylline for treatment of postdural puncture headache: A randomized clinical trial.  Neurology. 2018 Mar 23. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005351. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005351. [Epub ahead of print]


Rising Clinical Burden of Psychiatric Visits on the Pediatric Emergency Department.  Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Mar 28. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001473. [Epub ahead of print]


Influenza-Associated Pediatric Deaths in the United States, 2010-2016.  Pediatrics. 2018 Apr;141(4). pii: e20172918. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2918. Epub 2018 Feb 12.


Unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) to prevent drowning.  Resuscitation. 2018 Apr 10;127:63-67. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.04.005. [Epub ahead of print]

March 2018 EM Articles

Effect of a Data-Driven Intervention on Opioid Prescribing Intensity Among Emergency Department Providers: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/acem.13400. [Epub ahead of print]


Systematic review and meta-analysis of outcomes of patients with subsegmental pulmonary embolism with and without anticoagulation treatment.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/acem.13399. [Epub ahead of print]


A Randomized Double Blind Trial of Needle-free Injected Lidocaine Versus Topical Anesthesia for Infant Lumbar Puncture.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;25(3):310-316. doi: 10.1111/acem.13351. Epub 2017 Dec 26.


Relaxation before Debriefing during High-fidelity Simulation Improves Memory Retention of Residents at Three Months: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study.  Anesthesiology. 2018 Mar;128(3):638-649. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002045.


Systemic Antibiotics for the Treatment of Skin and Soft Tissue Abscesses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 9. pii: S0196-0644(18)30142-2. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.02.011. [Epub ahead of print]


Acetaminophen or Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Acute Musculoskeletal Trauma: A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Clinical Trial.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):357-368.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.08.041. Epub 2017 Oct 14.


Opioid Prescribing for Opioid-Naive Patients in Emergency Departments and Other Settings: Characteristics of Prescriptions and Association With Long-Term Use.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):326-336.e19. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.08.042. Epub 2017 Sep 26.


Unsuspected Critical Illness Among Emergency Department Patients Presenting for Acute Alcohol Intoxication.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):279-288. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.07.021. Epub 2017 Aug 24.


Etiologies of altered mental status in patients with presumed ethanol intoxication.  Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 12. pii: S0735-6757(18)30211-0. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.03.020. [Epub ahead of print]


Fluoroquinolone use and risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection: nationwide cohort study.  BMJ. 2018 Mar 8;360:k678. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k678.


β-Blockers in COPD: A Cohort Study From the TONADO Research Program.  Chest. 2018 Jan 31. pii: S0012-3692(18)30080-1. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.01.008. [Epub ahead of print]


How can emergency physicians harness the power of new technologies in clinical practice and education?  Emerg Med J. 2018 Mar;35(3):156-158. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-207239.


Teaching Patients How to Reduce a Shoulder Dislocation: A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Boss-Holzach-Matter Self-Assisted Technique and the Spaso Method.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):375-380. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00687.


You Can Do It! Directed Self-Reduction of an Anterior Shoulder Dislocation Works: Commentary on an article by F.A. Marcano-Fernández, MD, MSc, et al.: "Teaching Patients How to Reduce a Shoulder Dislocation. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Boss-Holzach-Matter Self-Assisted Technique and the Spaso Method".  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):e32. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01401.


Red Flags for Low Back Pain Are Not Always Really Red: A Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of Commonly Used Screening Questions for Low Back Pain.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):368-374. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00134.
Editorial: Should We Still Use Red Flags in the Diagnosis of Low Back Pain?: Commentary on an article by Ajay Premkumar, MD, MPH, et al.: "Red Flags for Low Back Pain Are Not Always Really Red. A Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of Commonly Used Screening Questions for Low Back Pain".  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):e31. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01391.


Effect of Opioid vs Nonopioid Medications on Pain-Related Function in Patients With Chronic Back Pain or Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2018 Mar 6;319(9):872-882. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0899.


Effect of Bag-Mask Ventilation vs Endotracheal Intubation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on Neurological Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiorespiratory Arrest: A Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2018 Feb 27;319(8):779-787. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0156.


A Randomized Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Infants with Bronchiolitis.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 22;378(12):1121-1131. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1714855.


Hydrocortisone plus Fludrocortisone for Adults with Septic Shock.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):809-818. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1705716.


Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Noncritically Ill Adults.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):819-828. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1711586. Epub 2018 Feb 27.


Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Critically Ill Adults.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):829-839. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1711584. Epub 2018 Feb 27.


Differentiating motor phenomena in tilt-induced syncope and convulsive seizures.  Neurology. 2018 Mar 16. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005301. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005301. [Epub ahead of print]


Measuring the Transrectal Diameter on Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Diagnose Constipation in Children.  Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Mar;34(3):154-159. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000775.


Suicide After Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents and Young Adults.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 19. pii: e20173517. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3517. [Epub ahead of print]


Higher Mallampati Scores Are Not Associated with More Adverse Events During Pediatric Procedural Sedation and Analgesia.  West J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;19(2):430-436. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2017.11.35913. Epub 2018 Feb 26.


Intravenous Continuous Infusion vs. Oral Immediate-release Diltiazem for Acute Heart Rate Control.  West J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;19(2):417-422. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2017.10.33832. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

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