April 2018 EM Articles

Multicenter Evaluation of the YEARS Criteria in Emergency Department Patients Evaluated for Pulmonary Embolism.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 31. doi: 10.1111/acem.13417. [Epub ahead of print]


The YEARS algorithm for suspected pulmonary embolism: shorter visit time and reduced costs at the emergency department.  J Thromb Haemost. 2018 Apr;16(4):725-733. doi: 10.1111/jth.13972. Epub 2018 Mar 13.


Validation of the Pediatric NEXUS II Head CT Decision Instrument for Selective Imaging of Pediatric Patients with Blunt Head Trauma.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 17. doi: 10.1111/acem.13431. [Epub ahead of print]


Vomiting With Head Trauma and Risk of Traumatic Brain Injury.  Pediatrics. 2018 Apr;141(4). pii: e20173123. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3123.


Costal Margin Tenderness and the Risk for Intra-abdominal Injuries in Children with Blunt Abdominal Trauma.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 13. doi: 10.1111/acem.13426. [Epub ahead of print]


Association of Whole-Body Computed Tomography With Mortality Risk in Children With Blunt Trauma.  JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Apr 9. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0109. [Epub ahead of print]


Relocation of blood gas laboratory to the emergency department helps decrease lactic acid values.  Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 20. pii: S0735-6757(18)30234-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.03.042. [Epub ahead of print]


Aromatherapy Versus Oral Ondansetron for Antiemetic Therapy Among Adult Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Feb 17. pii: S0196-0644(18)30029-5. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.01.016. [Epub ahead of print]


Outbreak Alert: Potential Life-Threatening Vitamin K-Dependent Antagonist Coagulopathy Associated With Synthetic Cannabinoids Use  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sent this bulletin at 04/05/2018 04:40 PM EDT


Clinical Usefulness of Imaging and Blood Cultures in Cellulitis Evaluation.  JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Apr 2. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.0625. [Epub ahead of print]


Addition of Nasal Cannula Can Either Impair or Enhance Preoxygenation With a Bag Valve Mask: A Randomized Crossover Design Study Comparing Oxygen Flow Rates.  Anesth Analg. 2018 Apr;126(4):1214-1218. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000002341.


ECG Predictors of Cardiac Arrhythmias in Older Adults With Syncope.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Apr;71(4):452-461.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.11.014. Epub 2017 Dec 21.


Ethical Obligations Regarding Short-Term Global Health Clinical Experiences: An American College of Physicians Position Paper.  Ann Intern Med. 2018 Mar 27. doi: 10.7326/M17-3361. [Epub ahead of print]


The Development of a Machine Learning Inpatient Acute Kidney Injury Prediction Model.  Crit Care Med. 2018 Mar 28. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003123. [Epub ahead of print]


Artificial Intelligence Can Predict Daily Trauma Volume and Average Acuity.  J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Apr 19. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001947. [Epub ahead of print]


Cardiac Arrest and Mortality Related to Intubation Procedure in Critically Ill Adult Patients: A Multicenter Cohort Study.  Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr;46(4):532-539. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002925.


Elevated Cardiac Troponin T in Patients With Skeletal Myopathies.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Apr 10;71(14):1540-1549. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.01.070.


Is Transcellular Potassium Shifting With Insulin, Albuterol, or Sodium Bicarbonate in Emergency Department Patients With Hyperkalemia Associated With Recurrent Hyperkalemia After Dialysis?  J Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 13. pii: S0736-4679(18)30121-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.02.012. [Epub ahead of print]


The intraosseous have it: A prospective observational study of vascular access success rates in patients in extremis using video review.  J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Apr;84(4):558-563. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001795.


The State of US Health, 1990-2016: Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States.  JAMA. 2018 Apr 10;319(14):1444-1472. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0158.


Atraumatic versus conventional lumbar puncture needles: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Lancet. 2018 Mar 24;391(10126):1197-1204. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32451-0. Epub 2017 Dec 7.


Aminophylline for treatment of postdural puncture headache: A randomized clinical trial.  Neurology. 2018 Mar 23. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005351. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005351. [Epub ahead of print]


Rising Clinical Burden of Psychiatric Visits on the Pediatric Emergency Department.  Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Mar 28. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001473. [Epub ahead of print]


Influenza-Associated Pediatric Deaths in the United States, 2010-2016.  Pediatrics. 2018 Apr;141(4). pii: e20172918. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-2918. Epub 2018 Feb 12.


Unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) to prevent drowning.  Resuscitation. 2018 Apr 10;127:63-67. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.04.005. [Epub ahead of print]

March 2018 EM Articles

Effect of a Data-Driven Intervention on Opioid Prescribing Intensity Among Emergency Department Providers: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/acem.13400. [Epub ahead of print]


Systematic review and meta-analysis of outcomes of patients with subsegmental pulmonary embolism with and without anticoagulation treatment.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/acem.13399. [Epub ahead of print]


A Randomized Double Blind Trial of Needle-free Injected Lidocaine Versus Topical Anesthesia for Infant Lumbar Puncture.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;25(3):310-316. doi: 10.1111/acem.13351. Epub 2017 Dec 26.


Relaxation before Debriefing during High-fidelity Simulation Improves Memory Retention of Residents at Three Months: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study.  Anesthesiology. 2018 Mar;128(3):638-649. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002045.


Systemic Antibiotics for the Treatment of Skin and Soft Tissue Abscesses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 9. pii: S0196-0644(18)30142-2. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.02.011. [Epub ahead of print]


Acetaminophen or Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Acute Musculoskeletal Trauma: A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Clinical Trial.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):357-368.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.08.041. Epub 2017 Oct 14.


Opioid Prescribing for Opioid-Naive Patients in Emergency Departments and Other Settings: Characteristics of Prescriptions and Association With Long-Term Use.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):326-336.e19. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.08.042. Epub 2017 Sep 26.


Unsuspected Critical Illness Among Emergency Department Patients Presenting for Acute Alcohol Intoxication.  Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;71(3):279-288. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2017.07.021. Epub 2017 Aug 24.


Etiologies of altered mental status in patients with presumed ethanol intoxication.  Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar 12. pii: S0735-6757(18)30211-0. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.03.020. [Epub ahead of print]


Fluoroquinolone use and risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection: nationwide cohort study.  BMJ. 2018 Mar 8;360:k678. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k678.


β-Blockers in COPD: A Cohort Study From the TONADO Research Program.  Chest. 2018 Jan 31. pii: S0012-3692(18)30080-1. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.01.008. [Epub ahead of print]


How can emergency physicians harness the power of new technologies in clinical practice and education?  Emerg Med J. 2018 Mar;35(3):156-158. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-207239.


Teaching Patients How to Reduce a Shoulder Dislocation: A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Boss-Holzach-Matter Self-Assisted Technique and the Spaso Method.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):375-380. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00687.


You Can Do It! Directed Self-Reduction of an Anterior Shoulder Dislocation Works: Commentary on an article by F.A. Marcano-Fernández, MD, MSc, et al.: "Teaching Patients How to Reduce a Shoulder Dislocation. A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing the Boss-Holzach-Matter Self-Assisted Technique and the Spaso Method".  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):e32. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01401.


Red Flags for Low Back Pain Are Not Always Really Red: A Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of Commonly Used Screening Questions for Low Back Pain.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):368-374. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00134.
Editorial: Should We Still Use Red Flags in the Diagnosis of Low Back Pain?: Commentary on an article by Ajay Premkumar, MD, MPH, et al.: "Red Flags for Low Back Pain Are Not Always Really Red. A Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of Commonly Used Screening Questions for Low Back Pain".  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Mar 7;100(5):e31. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01391.


Effect of Opioid vs Nonopioid Medications on Pain-Related Function in Patients With Chronic Back Pain or Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Pain: The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2018 Mar 6;319(9):872-882. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0899.


Effect of Bag-Mask Ventilation vs Endotracheal Intubation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on Neurological Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiorespiratory Arrest: A Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2018 Feb 27;319(8):779-787. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0156.


A Randomized Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Infants with Bronchiolitis.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 22;378(12):1121-1131. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1714855.


Hydrocortisone plus Fludrocortisone for Adults with Septic Shock.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):809-818. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1705716.


Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Noncritically Ill Adults.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):819-828. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1711586. Epub 2018 Feb 27.


Balanced Crystalloids versus Saline in Critically Ill Adults.  N Engl J Med. 2018 Mar 1;378(9):829-839. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1711584. Epub 2018 Feb 27.


Differentiating motor phenomena in tilt-induced syncope and convulsive seizures.  Neurology. 2018 Mar 16. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005301. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005301. [Epub ahead of print]


Measuring the Transrectal Diameter on Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Diagnose Constipation in Children.  Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Mar;34(3):154-159. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000775.


Suicide After Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents and Young Adults.  Pediatrics. 2018 Mar 19. pii: e20173517. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3517. [Epub ahead of print]


Higher Mallampati Scores Are Not Associated with More Adverse Events During Pediatric Procedural Sedation and Analgesia.  West J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;19(2):430-436. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2017.11.35913. Epub 2018 Feb 26.


Intravenous Continuous Infusion vs. Oral Immediate-release Diltiazem for Acute Heart Rate Control.  West J Emerg Med. 2018 Mar;19(2):417-422. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2017.10.33832. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

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