September 2018 EM Articles

Accuracy and interobserver reliability of the simplified pulmonary embolism severity index versus the hestia criteria for patients with pulmonary embolism. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 29. doi: 10.1111/acem.13561. [Epub ahead of print]

Ultrasound-Assisted Lumbar Punctures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 21. doi: 10.1111/acem.13558. [Epub ahead of print]

A novel electrocardiographic parameter for diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism: RS time: RS time in acute pulmonary embolism. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Sep 5. pii: S0735-6757(18)30739-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.09.010. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison the analgesic effect of magnesium sulphate and Ketorolac in the treatment of renal colic patients: Double-blind clinical trial study. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 24. pii: S0735-6757(18)30683-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.

Desmopressin/indomethacin combination efficacy and safety in renal colic pain management: A randomized placebo controlled trial. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 11. pii: S0735-6757(18)30668-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2018.08.033. [Epub ahead of print]

Addition of Neostigmine and Atropine to Conventional Management of Postdural Puncture Headache: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Anesth Analg. 2018 Aug 29. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003734. [Epub ahead of print]

Clinical Judgment and the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network Head Trauma Prediction Rules. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Sep;72(3):323-325. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.04.005.

A Broader View of Quality: Choosing Wisely Recommendations From Other Specialties With High Relevance to Emergency Care. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Sep;72(3):246-253. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.06.041.

Medicines for Treatment Intensification in Type 2 Diabetes and Type of Insulin in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Low-Resource Settings: Synopsis of the World Health Organization Guidelines on Second- and Third-Line Medicines and Type of Insulin for the Control of Blood Glucose Levels in Nonpregnant Adults With Diabetes Mellitus. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Sep 4. doi: 10.7326/M18-1149. [Epub ahead of print]

Diclofenac use and cardiovascular risks: series of nationwide cohort studies. BMJ. 2018 Sep 4;362:k3426. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k3426.

External validation of computed tomography decision rules for minor head injury: prospective, multicentre cohort study in the Netherlands. BMJ. 2018 Aug 24;362:k3527. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k3527.

Management of Low-Risk Pulmonary Embolism Patients Without Hospitalization: The Low-Risk Pulmonary Embolism Prospective Management Study. Chest. 2018 Aug;154(2):249-256. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.01.035. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Antithrombotic Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report. Chest. 2018 Aug 21. pii: S0012-3692(18)32244-X. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.07.040. [Epub ahead of print]

Guideline for Reversal of Antithrombotics in Intracranial Hemorrhage: Executive Summary. A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Neurocritical Care Society and the Society of Critical Care Medicine. Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec;44(12):2251-2257.

Early Liberal Fluid Therapy for Sepsis Patients Is Not Harmful: Hydrophobia Is Unwarranted but Drink Responsibly. Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec;44(12):2263-2269.

Early Liberal Fluids for Sepsis Patients Are Harmful. Crit Care Med. 2016 Dec;44(12):2258-2262.

Understanding better how emergency doctors work. Analysis of distribution of time and activities of emergency doctors: a systematic review and critical appraisal of time and motion studies. Emerg Med J. 2018 Sep 5. pii: emermed-2017-207107. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-207107. [Epub ahead of print]

Do all HEART Scores beat the same: evaluating the interoperator reliability of the HEART Score. Emerg Med J. 2018 Sep 14. pii: emermed-2018-207540. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2018-207540. [Epub ahead of print]

Daily dynamic discharge - a whole system solution to ED crowding. Emerg Med J. 2017 Dec;34(12):A875-A876. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-207308.21.

Industry sponsorship and research outcome: systematic review with meta-analysis. Intensive Care Med. 2018 Aug 21. doi: 10.1007/s00134-018-5293-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Oral Fluoroquinolone and the Risk of Aortic Dissection. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Sep 18;72(12):1369-1378. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.06.067.

Femoral Neck Stress Fractures: MRI Risk Factors for Progression. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Sep 5;100(17):1496-1502. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.01593.

The Clinical Implications of Adding CT Angiography in the Evaluation of Cervical Spine Fractures: A Propensity-Matched Analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Sep 5;100(17):1490-1495. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.18.00107.

Ketamine for Rapid Sedation of Agitated Patients in the Prehospital and Emergency Department Settings: A Systematic Review and Proportional Meta-Analysis. J Emerg Med. 2018 Sep 6. pii: S0736-4679(18)30727-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.07.017. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Intranasal Vasoconstrictors on Blood Pressure: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Emerg Med. 2018 Sep 5. pii: S0736-4679(18)30659-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.07.004. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison of Ultrasound Guidance vs. Clinical Assessment Alone for Management of Pediatric Skin and Soft Tissue Infections. J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 28. pii: S0736-4679(18)30720-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.07.010. [Epub ahead of print]

Malpractice in Emergency Medicine-A Review of Risk and Mitigation Practices for the Emergency Medicine Provider. J Emerg Med. 2018 Aug 27. pii: S0736-4679(18)30648-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.06.035. [Epub ahead of print]

Pediatric Malpractice Claims in the Emergency Department and Urgent Care Settings From 2001 to 2015. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Sep 11. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001602. [Epub ahead of print]

Clearing the Cervical Spine in Patients with Distracting Injuries: An AAST Multi-Institutional Trial. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Sep 4. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000002063. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Levofloxacin Prophylaxis on Bacteremia in Children With Acute Leukemia or Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018 Sep 11;320(10):995-1004. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.12512.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection. JAMA. 2018 Sep 11;320(10):1031-1032. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.12194.

Probiotics to Prevent Clostridium difficile Infection in Patients Receiving Antibiotics. JAMA. 2018 Aug 7;320(5):499-500. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.9064.

Will This Hospitalized Patient Develop Severe Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome?: The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review. JAMA. 2018 Aug 28;320(8):825-833. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.10574.

Effect of a Strategy of a Supraglottic Airway Device vs Tracheal Intubation During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest on Functional Outcome: The AIRWAYS-2 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018 Aug 28;320(8):779-791. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.11597.

Effect of a Strategy of Initial Laryngeal Tube Insertion vs Endotracheal Intubation on 72-Hour Survival in Adults With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018 Aug 28;320(8):769-778. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.7044.

How much experience do rescuers require to achieve successful tracheal intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation? Resuscitation. 2018 Aug 30. pii: S0300-9572(18)30829-3. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.08.032. [Epub ahead of print]

Global Mortality From Firearms, 1990-2016. JAMA. 2018 Aug 28;320(8):792-814. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.10060.

Trends in Visits to Acute Care Venues for Treatment of Low-Acuity Conditions in the United States From 2008 to 2015. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Sep 4. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.3205. [Epub ahead of print]

Association Between Physician Burnout and Patient Safety, Professionalism, and Patient Satisfaction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Sep 4. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.3713. [Epub ahead of print]

Acute Clinical Care for Transgender Patients: A Review. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Aug 27. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4179. [Epub ahead of print]

Assessment of the Safety of Discharging Select Patients Directly Home From the Intensive Care Unit: A Multicenter Population-Based Cohort Study. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Aug 20. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.3675. [Epub ahead of print]

Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Children: A Systematic Review. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Sep 4:e182847. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2847. [Epub ahead of print]

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Sep 4:e182853. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2853. [Epub ahead of print]

Use of aspirin to reduce risk of initial vascular events in patients at moderate risk of cardiovascular disease (ARRIVE): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2018 Aug 24. pii: S0140-6736(18)31924-X. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31924-X. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Aspirin on Cardiovascular Events and Bleeding in the Healthy Elderly. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 16. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1805819. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Aspirin on Disability-free Survival in the Healthy Elderly. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 16. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1800722. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Aspirin on All-Cause Mortality in the Healthy Elderly. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 16. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1803955. [Epub ahead of print]

Effects of Aspirin for Primary Prevention in Persons with Diabetes Mellitus. N Engl J Med. 2018 Aug 26. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1804988. [Epub ahead of print]

Oral steroids for resolution of otitis media with effusion in children (OSTRICH): a double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trial. Lancet. 2018 Aug 18;392(10147):557-568. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31490-9. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Baloxavir Marboxil for Uncomplicated Influenza in Adults and Adolescents. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 6;379(10):913-923. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1716197.

Medicare Spending after 3 Years of the Medicare Shared Savings Program. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 5. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa1803388. [Epub ahead of print]

The Beef Jerky Blues: Methemoglobinemia From Home Cured Meat. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Jul;34(7):e122-e123. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000917.

Top Citations of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Publications in the Emergency Medicine Literature. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018 Aug 20. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000001579. [Epub ahead of print]

Emergency Department Revisits After an Initial Parenteral Antibiotic Dose for UTI. Pediatrics. 2018 Sep;142(3). pii: e20180900. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-0900. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Predicting Escalated Care in Infants With Bronchiolitis. Pediatrics. 2018 Sep;142(3). pii: e20174253. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-4253. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Child Passenger Safety. Pediatrics. 2018 Aug 30. pii: e20182460. doi: 10.1542/peds.2018-2460. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparing the Accuracy of Mass Casualty Triage Systems in a Pediatric Population. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Sep 9:1-21. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1520946. [Epub ahead of print]

Death by Suicide-The EMS Profession Compared to the General Public. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018 Sep 14:1-6. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1514090. [Epub ahead of print]

Effectiveness of antiarrhythmic drugs for shockable cardiac arrest: A systematic review. Resuscitation. 2018 Sep 1;132:63-72. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.08.025. [Epub ahead of print]

Predictors of Short-Term Outcomes after Syncope: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. West J Emerg Med. 2018 May;19(3):517-523. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2018.2.37100. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

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