Syncope and seizure may be differentiated in two key ways. Ten or fewer jerks favor syncope; 20 or more jerks favor seizure. Loss of tone favors syncope.
Positive responses to "red flag" screening questions for back pain warranted further investigation, though the positive predictive value was poor. Negative responses to screening "red flag" questions were useless as a screening tool for ruling out serious disease, such as fracture, infection, malignancy, or cauda equina.
In patients with septic shock, those treated with hydrocortisone + fludrocortisone had a lower 90-day mortality compared to placebo (43% vs 49.1%, NNT 17). They also had significantly more vasopressor-free and organ-failure free days, in addition to having a shorter time to weaning from vasopressors and mechanical ventilation.