Midazolam Beat Haloperidol for Agitation

Midazolam Beat Haloperidol for Agitation

Midazolam 5mg IM beat haloperidol 5 mg, ziprasidone 20 mg, olanzapine 10 mg, and haloperidol 10 mg (all also given IM), with 71% sedated at 15 minutes.  Olazapine came in second.

Predicting Outpatient Failure for Cellulitis

Predicting Outpatient Failure for Cellulitis

Tachypnea, chronic ulcers, prior MRSA colonization, and prior cellulitis in the past 12 months were all associated with an increased risk of oral antibiotic failure for treatment of non-purulent cellulitis.

POCUS for Kidney Stone - Be Careful

POCUS for Kidney Stone - Be Careful

Point-of-care ultrasound in patients with renal colic had tepid diagnostic accuracy for nephrolithiasis.  If hydronephrosis was present, specificity was 94% and often indicated a stone >5mm.

POCUS for Retinal Detachment - Be Careful

POCUS for Retinal Detachment - Be Careful

In less experienced sonographers, ocular ultrasound for retinal detachment was specific but not sensitive.  It's useful to rule it in, but don't use it as the sole means to rule it out.

No Antibiotics for Diverticulitis...and other stuff the residents taught me this week

No Antibiotics for Diverticulitis...and other stuff the residents taught me this week

After almost twenty years as a doctor, constantly reading, it never ceases to amaze me how much I still don't know.  One of the highlights of my job is working with great residents who also teach me.  This week was no exception.  Here are two things I learned from our residents this week.

Bougie vs Stylet - The BEAM Trial

Bougie vs Stylet - The BEAM Trial

First attempt success was higher in the bougie group vs stylet group (98% vs 87% in all comers, 96% vs 82% in patients with at least one difficult airway characteristic). The median duration of the first-attempt as well as incidence of hypoxemia was similar between bougie and stylet groups.

Resident Schedule Utopia - The Search Continues

Resident Schedule Utopia - The Search Continues

Internal Medicine interns and residents were either exposed to standard duty-hour policies of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) or flexible policies that did not specify limits on shift length or mandatory time off between shifts. Read more to see what they found.

IOTA - Oxygen, Less Is More

IOTA - Oxygen, Less Is More

For adults with varied acute illnesses, use of supplemental oxygen in patients with room air SpO2 of 94% or greater was associated with increased short and longterm mortality.

Are 3 Ports Better Than One? Triple Lumen Flow Rates

Are 3 Ports Better Than One? Triple Lumen Flow Rates

There were no statistically significant differences in pressure-bag flow rates for 1L of NS through all three ports of a standard triple-lumen catheter (TLC) compared to a 16 gauge peripheral venous catheter (PVC) or a 6Fr sheath introducer.  On gravity-flow, it was not statistically different from a 16 gauge PVC.  But 14ga PVC and 8.5Fr sheath rates were superior in both instances.

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