Most younger children 5-7 years old recover from concussion within 2 weeks. More than 80% of children 8-12 years old and boys 13-18 years old recover within 4 weeks. Most teen girls had not recovered by week 12.
Although opioids are not first-line treatment for ankle sprains, an opioid was prescribed for 25% of emergency department patients diagnosed with an isolated ankle sprain. Prescribing varied widely among states. Additionally, patients prescribe greater quantities of opioids were more likely to transition to continued use.
Positive responses to "red flag" screening questions for back pain warranted further investigation, though the positive predictive value was poor. Negative responses to screening "red flag" questions were useless as a screening tool for ruling out serious disease, such as fracture, infection, malignancy, or cauda equina.