The pediatric trachea is elliptical at the infraglottic level, with the transverse diameter being narrowest. The endotracheal tube size formula, (age/4) + 3.5, with a cuffed tube makes more sense anatomically.
Heatstroke is a deadly triad of hyperthermia, CNS dysfunction, and multiorgan failure. Classic (or passive) heatstroke is due to environmental exposure and poor heat dissipation, whereas exertional heatstroke is related to strenuous physical activity. Prompt recognition and treatment can be life-saving and is focused on rapid cooling.
There was no difference in levetiracetam vs phenytoin as second-line agents after benzodiazepines for pediatric status epilepticus in median time to seizure cessation. Levetiracetam may have other advantages, as it is able to be given over 5 minutes (vs 20 minutes for phenytoin) and causes fewer adverse effects.