The prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on CT in children with head injury presenting > 24 hours post-injury was 3.8%. Predictors on TBI on CT were suspicion of depressed skull fracture and non-frontal scalp hematoma.
Positive responses to "red flag" screening questions for back pain warranted further investigation, though the positive predictive value was poor. Negative responses to screening "red flag" questions were useless as a screening tool for ruling out serious disease, such as fracture, infection, malignancy, or cauda equina.
Among patients with ICH, those on non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants had a lower in-hospital risk of mortality compared to warfarin (26.5% vs 32.6%). Compared to warfarin, those on NOACs were more likely to be discharged home (+3.3%), be functionally independent (+2.5%), and have the ability to ambulate independently at discharge (+1.8%).
Patients with acute stroke from occluded intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) or proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) presenting from 6-24 hours from onset benefitted from endovascular thrombectomy when clinical deficits of stroke were greater than expected based on infarct volume on diffusion-weighted MRI or perfusion CT.