Retail and Urgent Care Articles
Influenza killed 675 children from the 2010-11 flu season to the 2015-16 season. Infants under 6 months had the highest incidence of mortality. Encourage everyone to get vaccinated. Antiviral treatment is encouraged in all children under 2, all patients with severe illness, and all hospitalized patients regardless of whether or not the duration of illness exceeds 48 hours.
Sniffing an isopropyl alcohol pad was more effective at reducing nausea than oral ondansetron at 30 minutes.
Positive responses to "red flag" screening questions for back pain warranted further investigation, though the positive predictive value was poor. Negative responses to screening "red flag" questions were useless as a screening tool for ruling out serious disease, such as fracture, infection, malignancy, or cauda equina.
The Boss-Holzach-Matter (aka Davos, self-reduction) technique was less painful than the physician-driven Spaso technique and just as successful and efficient.
Fluoroquinolone use was associated with increased risk of developing newly diagnosed aortic aneurysm or dissection.
Acetaminophen (APAP) was not inferior to diclofenac or APAP+diclofenac for acute extremity pain at 90 minutes.
This meta-analysis of 4 RCTs found anti-MRSA antibiotics in addition to I&D led to a far better cure rate than I&D alone.
This may come as a shock, but when you tell patients no, it negatively impacts patient satisfaction. But that doesn't make you a bad doctor, regardless of what CMS says.
A push to use cephalexin vs cefixime for uncomplicated pediatric UTI was successful at this medical center. Whether this is an improvement in prescribing depends upon local E. coli resistance.
Broad spectrum vs narrower spectrum antibiotics for routine pediatric respiratory infections were not more effective and were associated with an increased rate of complications.
Neither morphine+ibuprofen nor either drug alone+placebo improved pain to a minimal score at 1 hour in children with acute extremity pain.
A dose of ibuprofen 400mg + acetaminophen 1000mg was as good as an oral opiate for extremity pain.
This article is a sobering reminder that mistakes with online activity can cost one's career. We know the obvious blunders, but this editorial explores 3 more subtle ways our smartphones could damage our reputations.
Codeine prescriptions for children after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy substantially dropped after the FDA issued a black box warning over safety concerns. Still, 1 in 20 children continue to inappropriately receive codeine after T&A.
It was a big job for ALiEM to come up with the list of 52 landmark articles you need to know as an Emergency Physician. But it's an even bigger job to sit down and read them. In fact, most of us just won't be able to find the time to do it. Because they are so important to know, I wanted to make it easier to get the gist of these articles. So each Saturday in 2017, I briefly summarized one of these key articles. For your convenience, here are the links and excerpts for each of the 52 in 52 article summaries in one place. Enjoy. And please share this with a friend. Special thanks to Dr. Michelle Lin for allowing me to partner with ALiEM and use the combined logos.
It was a great refresher to go back over the articles we covered in 2017. There were so many groundbreaking and practice changing articles. We have hand-picked some of our favorites.
Several myths surround the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. This review debunks them.
Children with isolated, non-depressed skull fracture did extremely well. Of 6646 children in this systematic review, none died and only one progressed to need neurosurgical intervention.
Naproxen + placebo was as good as (possibly better than) naproxen plus orphenadrine or naproxen plus methocarbamol for acute low back pain.
There is no such thing as a "black cloud." Those who self-identified as a black-cloud were also identified as such by their peers, but a look at the actual PED metrics showed no statistical difference except higher admission rate. I'm not sure I believe this, but there you go...
Bruising in premobile children means trouble. The most important take home is: "More than half of premobile infants with initially unexplained bruises were found to be abused." Bruising before they're cruising needs a workup and DCS referral.
Consider testicular torsion a surgical emergency even if it is past the usual 6-8 hour mark, which is traditionally taught as the outer limit of testicular viability. This study found that the testicle could still be salvaged over half the time from 13-24 hours from onset.
Sonographically occult perineal abscess in children was surprisingly common, 28% (61/217). More than half had I&D within 4 hours of a "negative" radiology-obtained ultrasound. Symptoms < 4 days, age < 4 years, and history of MRSA were all associated with false negative ultrasound.
The primary outcome (quick and sustained headache relief) was achieved in 60% of the IV prochlorperazine + diphenhydramine group vs 31% in the IV hydromorphone group with a NNT of 4. As a result, the study was stopped early.
Female surgeons had small but significantly improved 30-day mortality and other surgical outcomes over male surgeons, all other factors being equal.
We can't draw firm conclusions from this paper, since it was not designed or powered to detect differences in subgroups with skin abscesses. But it was notable that patients who received TMP/SMX did better than those who received placebo across all subgroups, including those with larger abscesses; especially those with fever, history of MRSA, or MRSA positive culture.
Applying an ice cube (inside a sterile glove) to the skin over a laceration for 2 minutes significantly reduced pain from local anesthetic injection.
In patients age 5 years through adulthood with sore throat of any cause, use of a single, low-dose steroid (most often dexamethasone 10mg or 0.6mg/kg for children, max 10mg; most given orally) were twice as likely to have pain relief at 24 hours.