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Do We Need Cephalexin Plus TMP-SMX?

June 30, 2017

Do we really need to cover MRSA?
Clay Smith
For uncomplicated cellulitis, cephalexin alone was just as good as combined TMP-SMX plus cephalexin in the per-protocol analysis.  “Per-protocol” patients took most of the medication and followed up in person.  There was also no statistical difference in the intention-to-treat analysis, though the upper confidence interval exceeded 10%.  Be aware of the study’s exclusion criteria.  It only evaluated uncomplicated cellulitis, confirmed to have no abscess on bedside ultrasound. Therefore, patients with abscess/furuncle, IVDA, immunocompromise, (and more…) were excluded.  The study concluded enrollment 5 years ago; organisms and resistance patterns may have changed or may be different in your hospital.  The IDSA recommended monotherapy with cephalexin for non-purulent cellulitis years ago.

Spoon Feed
For uncomplicated cellulitis in otherwise healthy patients, cephalexin alone is probably adequate.  Read more on EM Lit of Note.

Effect of Cephalexin Plus Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole vs Cephalexin Alone on Clinical Cure of Uncomplicated Cellulitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.  JAMA. 2017 May 23;317(20):2088-2096. doi: 10.1001/jama.2017.5653.

Peer Reviewed by Thomas Davis.

What are your thoughts?