What’s the Right Pediatric ETT Size?

What’s the Right Pediatric ETT Size?

The pediatric trachea is elliptical at the infraglottic level, with the transverse diameter being narrowest. The endotracheal tube size formula, (age/4) + 3.5, with a cuffed tube makes more sense anatomically.

Does Ramped Position Impact Intubation Success?

Does Ramped Position Impact Intubation Success?

There was no difference in first pass success with a non-supine (ramped) vs supine intubating position in this retrospective study, and composite adverse events were more common when ramped.  But patients most likely to be ramped were also obese or had predicted difficult airway.

Advanced Airway for Pediatric Cardiac Arrest - Should We Just Bag?

Advanced Airway for Pediatric Cardiac Arrest - Should We Just Bag?

There may be a slight advantage for pediatric cardiac arrest patients in survival with good neurological outcome by using simple bag-valve mask ventilation over advanced airway management.

Advanced Airway For Non-Shockable OHCA?

Advanced Airway For Non-Shockable OHCA?

Advanced airway management (AAM) was associated with increased overall survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) (though not survival with favorable neurological outcome) in patients with non-shockable initial rhythm. There was no difference in survival with use of AAM in patients with initial shockable rhythm.

Succinylcholine or Rocuronium - Which Is Better?

Succinylcholine or Rocuronium - Which Is Better?

A large observational series with over 4,000 intubations compared succinylcholine vs. rocuronium in rapid sequence intubation and found no association between these two paralytics and first-pass intubation success or peri-intubation adverse effects.

PROTRACH - HFNC for Preoxygenation in the ICU

PROTRACH - HFNC for Preoxygenation in the ICU

High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) compared to bag-valve mask (BVM) ventilation for preoxygenation of critically ill patients did not improve lowest SpO2 but significantly reduced severe complications (SpO2 < 80%, severe hypotension, and cardiac arrest); 6% HFNC vs. 16% BVM, NNT = 10.

ETT vs. SGA for OHCA - Metaanalysis Includes AIRWAYS-2 and PART

ETT vs. SGA for OHCA - Metaanalysis Includes AIRWAYS-2 and PART

There was no difference in an endotracheal tube vs supraglottic airway for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the outcomes of return of spontaneous circulation, survival to admission, survival to discharge, or survival with good neurological outcome in studies with low risk of bias in this large metaanalysis.

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