Lumbar spinal stenosis affects more than 1 in 10 U.S. citizens and over 100 million patients worldwide. This painful condition is diagnosed clinically with confirmatory imaging. Firstline treatment is activity modification, analgesia, and physical therapy, and careful selection of surgical candidates should be done only if conservative management fails.
Diagnosis and Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Review. JAMA. 2022 May 3;327(17):1688-1699. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.5921.