Basing IV fluid administration on stroke volume increase with passive leg raise vs usual care resulted in a lower 72-hour fluid balance and improvement in other important outcomes as well.
The Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS) was successfully validated as a tool to risk stratify ED patients presenting with acute syncope. Patients at low risk for serious outcomes at 30 days can be safely discharged.
For out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, bag-valve-mask ventilation and BVM ventilation as a rescue after failed advanced airway placement were associated with improved survival to discharge and neurologically intact survival compared to advanced airway management (i.e. supraglottic airway or endotracheal intubation). However, given multiple possible confounders, these results should be viewed with caution.